What is a keyboard wedge?
In the days before USB, bar code readers often came with a hardware keyboard wedge, a little device which allowed both a keyboard and the barcode reader to be connected to the keyboard port (PS/2) of a PC. Codes scanned by the barcode reader could thereby be transmitted as keystrokes. As far as the computer was concerned, there was no difference between a key pressed on the keyboard and one sent by the barcode scanner. This allowed the barcode scanner to be used with any application that accepted keyboard inputs.
While hardware keyboard wedges have become rare (most barcode scanners today connect via USB and appear as a human interface device), this very flexible concept still exists in the form of a virtual keyboard wedge (a.k.a. software keyboard wedge, “RS-232 to keyboard”-software). These programs are usually used with devices that connect to a computer via RS-232 (COM port) or that emulate an RS-232 connection while actually connecting through USB, Bluetooth SPP (serial port profile) or any other kind of virtual COM port.
Such devices include measurement instruments like balances and scales, digital calipers, etc. and legacy devices like serial barcode scanners and card readers. The software keyboard wedge connects to these devices and types received data into any application as simulated keystrokes.
Keyboard wedge software for Windows
This list contains all keyboard wedge programs I know of in alphabetical order. Prices were last updated on June 1st, 2019. Please leave a comment if you know a program not listed here.
- 232key: Free (232key Plus with additional features: US$30). Easy to configure, extensive documentation available on website. Predefined settings for many balances and scales. Powerful custom regular expressions to capture exactly the data you want (Plus version only). Can be used concurrently with 232key MU (US$50) to connect to two serial devices. Disclosure: I made this.
- Bill Redirect: Commercial (US$35). Lots of tutorials available. Particularly interesting for touchscreens.
- Datasnip keyboard wedge: Free (AUD 10 for advanced options). Simple, straightforward user interface. Advanced options include hotkey to send command to connected device.
- ewCaptSer: Free. Only available in German. Minimal functionality.
- Kern Balance Connection 4: Commercial (starts at 150€ excl. VAT, includes device-specific RS-232 cable). Predefined settings for Kern balances and scales.
- KeyInjector: Commercial (four versions from US$24.95 to US$74.95).
- RsKey (Win CT): Free, only works with scales and balances using A&D’s data format.
- WedgeLink: Commercial (89 US$ Lite, 195 US$ Standard), support up to two serial devices.
- WinWedge: Commercial (299 US$ Standard, 399 US$ Professional). See feature list comparison.
Which keyboard wedge software is the best?
Impossible to say, without knowing what you’re planning to do, looking at each program in detail and testing it to see if it works reliably.
Generally speaking (and keep in mind that I’m certainly biased here), 232key can do many things for free which would otherwise cost you money (sometimes a lot of money). It is certainly worth trying out, particularly if you want to transfer the weight from a scale or balance to your PC. Please note that 232key cannot (currently) request data from your device (by sending a device-specific command), so you’ll have to press a key on your device instead (like the “Print” key on a scale, though many scales can also be configured to send stable data automatically). Thanks to feedback from my users and customers, I’m constantly adding new useful features to 232key (see changelog).
TWedge is (in my experience with several demanding customers) an excellent choice if you need maximum flexibility or want to connect to multiple devices at the same time. There’s hardly anything it can’t do if you’re willing to modify the scripts that come with it. While some other programs look like they haven’t been updated in a while, TWedge is regularly improved. Its latest version can even intercept and modify data sent by USB human interface devices (HID) like modern barcode scanners.
Further information on RS-232 interfaces
Have a look at my curated page on Zeef which includes links to general information on RS-232, keyboard wedge software, terminal software and RS-232 analyzers.
5 thoughts on “Keyboard wedge software for RS-232 and USB interfaces”
serial2keyboard its a option, somehow i cant make it work 🙁
Downloaded free 232key, made sure all ports were matchy-matchy, and no data is coming across… I have a USB 2.0 to RS232 DB 9Pin Female Serial Cable. I have downloaded the Prolific driver, but still no cigar… Is the data not able to travel from the 9Pin to the USB? If not, do I 2 converters- a USB to RS232 and a RS232 to USB converter?? I have tried on multiple scales, laptops, desktops, and nothing…
Hi, please take a look at our extensive troubleshooting guide. One very common issue is the use of the wrong type of RS232 cable (it has to match the pinout of your scale).
Unfortunately not able to test it with the free Version of 232key, since input is limited.
Does it support output UTF-8 encoded Slavik characters such as č,ć,ž,š,đ,Č,Č,Ž,Š,Đ. For example č is sent as \xc4\x89
No, only printable ASCII characters are currently supported (excluding extended ASCII codes).
For more complex decoding operations and UTF-8 output, please give 232key Pro a try (a new trial version will be released tomorrow and the trial period will automatically be extended when the software updates): https://www.smartlux.com/232keypro/